Old Testament scholarship studies the Hebrew Bible / Old Testament within its historical and cultural context.
The Hebrew Bible / Old Testament is a dense literary source of ancient writings about the world and God. Old Testament scholarship methodically works through this collection of texts and reflects on its relevance today by understanding the texts from their points of origin. The process of reflection takes into account historical lines of development into Judaism and Christianity as well as questions about the meaning of the texts for religions and societies today.
The broad range of Old Testament scholarship includes literary-historical, archaeological, linguistic, historical, exegetical, religious-historical and theological studies in the cultural context of the Ancient Near East as well as modern societies.